Sunday, May 24, 2020

Kennedy s Conspiracy Conundrum By John F. Kennedy

Kennedy s Conspiracy Conundrum Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country. These few words are some of John F. Kennedy s most famous; they were given in his Inaugural Address on January 20, 1961. He would serve, as some say, the most difficult presidential term, enduring the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Bay of Pigs. He would also pass some of the most beneficial laws such as housing for the public, minimum wage policy, and social security. Unfortunately, his contributions would come to an end with his unexpected assassination. The mystery behind John F. Kennedy s assassination can be summed up by two theories: the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, either acted alone or had accomplices. There are many facts about Kennedy’s life that are set in stone; others, however, remain debated. While the fact that Kennedy was the youngest president is indisputable, the question of which person or persons were responsible for his death continues to be discussed. Most theorists can agree that while visiting Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963, at least three shots were fired from the Texas School Book Depository in Kennedy’s direction as he rode a car in the during the parade. President Kennedy sustained two injuries, one in the neck and one in the right of the head, which was the cause of his death (Warren Commission 3). John Connally, the Texas Governor, was also shot. While a film of the shooting taken by Abraham Zapruder is now available, it isShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesand permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any pro hibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturersRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pages. Organization Theory Challenges and Perspectives John McAuley, Joanne Duberley and Phil Johnson . This book is, to my knowledge, the most comprehensive and reliable guide to organisational theory currently available. What is needed is a text that will give a good idea of the breadth and complexity of this important subject, and this is precisely what McAuley, Duberley and Johnson have provided. They have done some sterling service in bringing together the very diverse strands of workRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 Pages ELEVENTH EDITION MARKETING MISTAKES AND SUCCESSES 30TH ANNIVERSARY Robert F. Hartley Cleveland State University JOHN WILEY SONS, INC. VICE PRESIDENT PUBLISHER EXECUTIVE EDITOR ASSISTANT EDITOR PRODUCTION MANAGER PRODUCTION ASSISTANT EXECUTIVE MARKETING MANAGER ASSISTANT MARKETING MANAGER MARKETING ASSISTANT DESIGN DIRECTOR SENIOR DESIGNER SENIOR MEDIA EDITOR George Hoffman Lise Johnson Carissa Doshi Dorothy Sinclair Matt Winslow Amy Scholz Carly DeCandia

Thursday, May 14, 2020

A Tongue-Twisting Language Arts Lesson Plan

Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers! She Sells Seashells by the Seashore! Toy Boat! Toy Boat! Toy Boat! Try saying these words several times quickly and youll see why tongue twisters can be a totally terrific part of your Language Arts curriculum. Not only are they silly, but these funny phrases focus on phonics, parts of speech, oral language, alliteration, reading, writing, and more. First, pique the childrens interest by introducing them to some of the more well-known tongue twisters. Challenge the children to say each phrase five times fast. Toy Boat is a great one because it sounds easy, but its actually quite difficult to repeat it fast. Try it yourself and see! Next, read a tongue-twisting book such as Twimericks, Dr. Seuss Oh Say Can You Say?, or Worlds Toughest Tongue Twisters. The kids will love watching you struggle through the tongue-tickling phrases from these books. You will probably have to stop every so often to give the kids a chance to practice the twisters. Its simply too irresistible to them if they have to wait. After the book, introduce the concept of alliteration. If you teach students in second grade or older, they will probably be able to handle this big word. In fact, it is a third grade academic standard in my district that all students know alliteration and begin to apply it in their writing. Alliteration simply means the repetition of the beginning sound in two or more words together. Younger students can build on the letter decoding skills included in tongue twisters by reading phonics poems in books such as the Phonics Through Poetry series. These poems are a little different than traditional tongue twisters, but they are a fun way to practice certain beginning sounds, rhymes, digraphs, and more. You may also want to discuss what makes these sentences and phrases so difficult to pronounce quickly. To build in writing practice, the students will have a blast building their own tongue twisters. To start, you can have the kids make four columns on their papers: one for adjectives, one for nouns, one for verbs, and one for other parts of speech. To determine the letter for their twisters, I usually just have them pick one of their initials. This gives them a little bit of free choice, but also ensures that you dont get 20 twisters of the same letter. After the children brainstorm approximately 10-15 words for each column that begin with their chosen letters, they can start putting together their twisters. I stipulate that they have to write complete sentences, not simple phrases. My students got so carried away that many of them asked if they could make more than one. I even had one child who made 12! To culminate the tongue twisting lesson, I have the kids write one twister on the bottom of a page and illustrate it above. These make a great project to post on a bulletin board because the children will love reading each others sentences and trying to say them five times fast. Give this tongue-twisting lesson a try and its sure to become one of your favorite lessons to teach each year. Yes, its a little silly and full of giggles, but at the end of the day, the kids really will have gained valuable language arts skills.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

International Cooperation and National Security - 1494 Words

In â€Å"Anarchy is What States Make of It† Alexander Wendt describes two opposing state systems—competitive and cooperative. In competition, â€Å"states identify negatively with each other’s security so that ego’s gain is seen as alter’s loss.† In cooperation, â€Å"the security of each [state] is perceived as the responsibility of all.† Currently, there are problems such as the spread of nuclear weapons, terrorism, poverty in developing countries, international financial instability, and climate change that confront the entire global community. Ideally states could cooperate in order to solve all of these dilemmas in the next twenty years. Realistically, they will only solve problems with specific and easily stated solutions. Cooperation tends†¦show more content†¦Nuclear countries financed non-nuclear countries’ civilian energy technology, and considered this to be â€Å"an inalienable right† (Article IV). It is excessively more difficult to understand how much it costs to fund economic development in the Third World. On one hand, aid for health care has shown a lot of promise. As Kristof writes: â€Å"Where else can you spend a few dollars and save a life?† The cost of actual economic development is mystifying, though. Infrastructure projects fall apart while government leaders line their pockets. Even when the world does agree to cooperate, as they did for 2002’s Monterrey Consensus, the lack of encouraging results leads to a lack of adequate funds. Simple solutions, such as funding light-water nuclear technology, or mosquito nets to prevent malaria, are able to gain support, as are basic security measures. But countries have enough trouble building up their own infrastructure, and they do not want to put in the effort or the time to see possible regime change and growth in the less developed world. The costs of a problem extend beyond what a country is losing, and include what other countries are gaining. Relative gains make other countries hesitant to commit to cooperative action, and once again there is a divide between military and economic issues. Terrorism is very rarely endorsed by states, and a subway attack in Tokyo is a tragedy for AmericansShow MoreRelatedThe Characteristics Of The Liberal Theory949 Words   |  4 PagesLuisana Zambrano National Profile 2 Based on the characteristics of the liberal theory, which highlights the ideas of democracy, free trade, multilateral cooperation and a rule-based international society that respects sovereignty and human rights (Introduction to Global Politics), to establish an state of freedom and justice, we can clearly identify Japan as a liberal state. I would also divide the liberal theory in four different approaches: first, into the multilateral cooperation and acceptanceRead MoreU.s. National Security Strategy1398 Words   |  6 Pageshis presidency, President Obama determined that increasing our strategic focus on the Asia-Pacific Region and rebalance our national power and resources toward this region. This shift from the war footing in Iraq and Afghanistan to an increased peace and stability in East Asia was determined to be in the best national interests of the United States in the 2015 National Security Strategy. This strategic shift would have two major focus areas. First, the Un ited States would focus on peace and stabilityRead MoreThe Last Nsds : A Case Study1118 Words   |  5 PagesDespite all verified and timely confirmed threat assessment in the last NSS and NDS, security environment is in constant change there is needs for an update, reassessment and realignment according to the country’s new position. Thirdly, numerous security and defense regional organizations, initiatives and projects are overlapping and contributing to further strengthening and development. The regional security cooperation has advanced and Montenegro as NATO member could bring new dimension to the regionalRead MoreCooperation In Ukraine999 Words   |  4 Pagesof Ukraine in 2014 were Germany (17.9%), Poland (13.5%), and Italy (9.3%). Their cooperation consist in several different areas. For Germany, as an example, cooperation consisted of inter-parliamentary cooperation, economic cooperation which began in 2005 in areas such as energy, banking system, agriculture, coal industry, metallurgy, transportation, engineering and public utility infrastructure. Legal cooperation also exists in the arenas of economy, industry, science and technology, promotionRead MoreRussia Case Analysis789 Words   |  4 Pagesoption A (More cooperation with Russia); Strategy option B (Same level of cooperation with Russia); and Strategy option C (Less cooperation with Russia). All three strategy options should be integral part of respective policies for Europe and overall U.S. policy and have same â€Å"end†- Balkans region is strengthen by liberal democracy and resilient to negative Russia’s influence (paragraph #1). The first policy option (A), in its nature, is a policy with relations that contain more cooperation with RussiaRead MoreRussia QA Essay1604 Words   |  7 Pagespermanent membership in the United Nations Security Council; it is also a member of the Group of 20(G20), Group of 8(G8) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. This paper will critically examine the Russian national purpose and ideology, national power and international relationships as well as foreign policy. The paper will also describe the Russian commitments and its national security relationships with the United States. Question one. National purpose of Russia Russia is keen to increaseRead MoreThe Political Control Over The World War II931 Words   |  4 Pages National Profile Despite its action of the past and it apparition on the World War II, Japan nowadays represents one of the most powerful countries in the world, and it is a clear representation of redeemed and proof that the choice of accurate decision could empower a State. Even though it is a small country, Japan is comprehensibly a demonstration that a big territory is not meaning of power, and that in fact, it has more influence in the world than most of the biggest countries. Why is it aRead MoreThe Last Nds And Nsds : A Case Study1144 Words   |  5 PagesDespite all verified and timely confirmed threat assessments in the last NSS and NDS, security environment is in constant change there is a need for an update, reassessment and realignment according to the country’s new position. Thirdly, numerous security and regional defense organizations, initiatives and projects are overlapping and contributing to further strengthening and development. The regional security cooperation has advanced and Montenegro as NATO member could bring new dimension to the regionalRead MoreBuilding A Structure And Architecture Of International Security Essay1342 Words   |  6 Pagesis more important than ever to pool the efforts of the international community in a search for ways of jointly building a structure and architecture of international security for that 21st century that would be acceptable to all nations. Mention the member countries and other nations with different statuses. Organising the SCO: structure and working Today the organisation is a permanent and fully intergovernmental entity in international law. It has established decision-making organs that areRead MoreThe Shanghai Cooperation Organisation ( Sco ) Covers More Than Three Fifths Of The Eurasian Landmass1330 Words   |  6 PagesThe Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) covers more than three fifths of the Eurasian landmass and represents one fourth of the world population. In that sense it is the biggest security organisation in the world next to the UN (Oldberg 2007:13). The SCO is also the only international security organisation where China is a member and the US is not. Central Asia is at the centre of the organisation both in a geographical and political sense. Central Asia is a place where the strategic interests

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

In The Next Twenty Years, The World Will Have Solved The Major Problem Essay Example For Students

In The Next Twenty Years, The World Will Have Solved The Major Problem Essay s oftransportation today. Global warming news will no longer be splashed overnews screens nation wide. Traffic jams will be a thing of the past as some carstake to the air. In fact, traffic jams will be documented at the Smithsonian toensure future generations have a sense of what traffic jams were. The nexttwenty years will see huge advancements in the area of transportation makinglife much more enjoyable for all. In numerous cities across the country, the personal automobile is thesingle greatest polluter. Emissions from millions of vehicles on the road add upand cause the global warming problem talked of earlier. The solution is to havemuch more efficient vehicles that produce fewer emissions with every mile. Thisis why in twenty years the electric vehicle, or EV as most scientists refer to it,will see its nation wide introduction to roads everywhere. Electric vehicles areactually present in the world today. Unfortunately, the price of these EVs wellexceeds the price of a normal car. In twenty years however, the price of thesevehicles will have dropped dramatically with the new invention of the flying carswaying peoples interest. Any normal middle class family would be able toafford at least two of these electrically powered vehicles. While the families willbe benefiting from not having to buy gas every week, the environment willbenefit by not taking in as much emissions as in the past. Electric vehicles or EVs, are vehicles that are powered by an electricmotor instead of an internal combustion engine. EVs use electricity as the fuelinstead of gasoline or some other combustible fuel. The power for the vehicle isstored in many large batteries in the bottom of the car, from there the powergoes to a power regulator where it is changed from DC power to AC power. Theengine only has one moving part, which send the power directly to the wheels. Therefore, it does all the primary functions of a gas engine with no emissions. The major auto manufacturers are producing high-performance electricvehicles now, such as General Motors, Ford, Chrysler, and many foreigncompanies as well, in a wide range of style and sizes. They include passengercars, mini-vans, sport utility vehicles and pickup trucks. Also there are some EVsas small as bicycles and motor scooters and as large as busses. The EV isenvironmentally friendly. Electric vehicles are todays zero-emission vehicles. The EV releases no pollutant because it has no tailpipe making it safe for theenvironment. Instead of gas stations, EVs get their fuel from electric powerstations. An electric powered engine has many has many benefits over a gasengine in the comfort department as well. EVs offer a quiet fume-free, smoothdriving experience. Since the motor does not operate when the vehicle is at astop, an EV has no idle noises. EVs provide fast acceleration by deliveringpower instantly to the wheels by providing high torque at low speeds, they give afeel of smooth and quick responsiveness. Well-designed EVs like thoseproduced by major auto companies, travel at speeds equivalent to conventionalvehicles and offer all the same safety and high-speed performance features. TheEV also has low operating costs. The per-mile fuel cost of operating an EV canbe less than one-third that of a gasoline-powered car. EV owners also saygood-bye to many familiar maintenance costs, no more tune-ups, oil changes ormuffler replacements. Another advantage of an EV is the convince of no gasstations. EV drivers like that refueling or reenergizing can be done overnight,easily and safely at home or at public locations like shopping centers, whereelectric charging units have been installed. Electric vehicles are very safe. TheEVs produced by major companies meet all safety requirements. As the EVbecomes more popular, the safety record is being monitored closely. To date,findings are positive and have shown that numerous EV vehicles maximizesafety. For example EVs have a lower center of gravity that makes them lesslikely to roll over. EVs also have less potential for major fires or explosions. Thebody construction and durability of EVs enhance the vehicle safety in anaccident. What is more truly amazing than the Ev? This question is simplyanswered in the M400 model flying car. .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 , .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .postImageUrl , .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 , .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:hover , .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:visited , .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:active { border:0!important; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:active , .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8 .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7eee6b7b0fa0aebe51491dec143825e8:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Mystery Cults EssayAt, they are taking orders on the M400 model flying car. For a mere 899,000 thousand dollars, this flying car will take four passengersover 350 miles per hour anywhere in the US. Although this car sounds like itwas taken right out of a Jetsons episode, Skypads contract with GM proves thelegitimacy of this invention. The history of the flying car is well documented. 1908 saw the first flyingcar invented by Herman Ecker and after that the technology literally took off.Then William Stout designed a Sky car and the first all-metal cargo plane thatHenry Ford purchased for starting the worlds first air-freight delivery service witha famous flight from Detroit to Chicago, in 1924. Then in 1937, Waldo Watermanintroduced the Whatsit later renamed the Arrowbile Flying Auto with manysuccessful flights. Shortly afterwards in 1940, Henry Ford announced that hewould be producing his own flying automobile, but was shelved because ofWorld War II. Bibliographyat least do some of the work by yourself

Monday, April 6, 2020

Theme and Audience of Gossip Girl Essay Example For Students

Theme and Audience of Gossip Girl Essay This essay will attempt to explain why its audience including the author of this essay enjoy the programme Gossip Girl. The theme of the programme and the main characters will be discussed. The following paragraphs will discuss the social divide regarding the characters, those from the Upper East Side and those from Brooklyn. An attempt will be made to determine when discussing the characters and their background, whether it is the case that the audience are identifying with the characters and therefore the reason for Gossip Girls popularity. Within the program Gossip Girl there are 16 characters, the main one being Gossip Girl themselves. The characters all have very different roles and backgrounds. Within the next few paragraphs, they will be discussed and talked about how they portrayed within the programme. In the first episode, the audience are introduced to two of the main characters, Serena Van Der Woodsen and Blair Waldorf. Both these characters are from the Upper East Side, they are the socialites of their school and every girl at their school looks up to them. We will write a custom essay on Theme and Audience of Gossip Girl specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Except when we get deeper into the series it turns out, they are bad role models, with the likes of Serena who was known for her use of recreational drugs, her obsessive drinking and girl next door partying lifestyle. Then we come to Blair Waldorf, Serenas best friend. At the beginning, Serena and Blairs friendship was nonexistent, once again because of Serenas partying ways. Like any friendship, Serena and Blair had their fall outs, which brought the worst out in Blair. Blair Waldorf was not the sweetheart, who would not hurt anybody, like everyone thought. She was in fact the only person who could hurt Serena more than anyone by posting her secrets to gossip girl. Gossip Girl was a phenomenon within the real life Upper East Side and surrounding communities such as Brooklyn. No matter where you stood on the social ladder, her posts would obsess you. In the series, Gossip Girl was always voiced as a female, she would make sure everyone knew she had eyes everywhere, ready to email her with tip offs about the next big scandal so she could post it to the website. As far as everyone was concerned, Gossip Girl was not your friend, she was there cause drama, and she definitely did. She would make all the characters doubt themselves. Only in the final episode do we find out that in fact, everything Gossip Girl did and posted was for the good and that Gossip Girl was one of the main characters from the TV show. Dan Humphrey was introduced into the show when he started dating Serena Van Der Woodsen. Serena and Dan made a very controversial couple because of their very different lives. Serena was from the Upper East Side, she had money and she got what she wanted just because her name, however Dan Humphrey was from Brooklyn, he did not have money and had to work for everything he wanted. Some of the characters did not agree with Serena and Dan being together because of their different lives and social standing. Blair Waldorf and Chuck Bass were two of the characters who were vocal about it out of the ordinary. Blair and Chuck gave Dan Humphrey the nickname of Lonely Boy, this is because he was not from their world although they went to the same private school and paid the same fees, Dan was different. He came from Brooklyn; he lived with his sister and dad in a loft apartment whereas Chuck lived a lavish life living in his fathers hotel and off his fathers money. Chucks and the other characters from the Upper East Side lives revolved around sex, drugs, money and high fashion. These two worlds came colliding together when Dan finally got acceptance from the Upper East Side group of friends. The audience of Gossip Girl was a worldwide trend, no matter where you went people were captivated. The show had a target demographic of women between eighteen and thirty-four years old and they definitely exceeded that. .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac , .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .postImageUrl , .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac , .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:hover , .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:visited , .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:active { border:0!important; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:active , .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u98574ff5a73eb83602e4b0ba4aecd0ac:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Robocop - A Postmodern Film Study EssayThey had women of all ages watching their show, women from France, America, and London, all over the world Gossip Girl was being watched. It got to the point Gossip Girl was so popular that an audience grew in China and began watching it but illegally. Not only did the individuality of each character resonate with the audience but also the suspense of not knowing whom Gossip Girl was as well as not knowing when it would be revealed left the audience wanting more. Within the show, they talked about drinking, drug use and sex. The characters were portraying what teenagers really do this helped many viewers identify with the storylines. Towards the end of Gossip Girl, everyone had his or her theories on who it was. For a little while it was known that Serena Van Der Woodsen had gotten hold of the website, many viewers believed it was still her, some thought Blair. Nobody was expecting the twist of it not only being a male character but it being Lonely Boy, Dan Humphrey. The one character that Gossip Girl targeted most, as well as Serena. This was Dans way into the Upper East Side other than his on, off relationship with Serena. In summation, one of the reasons this programme was so popular could be that ordinary people identified with the characters and the social problem the characters were going through. An additional contributory factor in popularity is the advertising for the programme. Wherever you went, there would be a posters, billboards and social media going crazy for the next episode. Even if people were not watching it, the advertisement and marketing was so prominent that they started too just to find out whom Gossip Girl was.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

The function and role of the witches in Macbeth Essays

The function and role of the witches in Macbeth Essays The function and role of the witches in Macbeth Paper The function and role of the witches in Macbeth Paper Essay Topic: Macbeth In the play of Macbeth the witches are regarded as immoral and unnatural in their behaviour. They play a huge part in Macbeths planning of becoming king. At the beginning of the play they are planning to meet Macbeth, When shall we three meet again, In thunder lightning, or in rain. Disturbances in nature are represented by line of thunder and lightning, it is supposed to give the effect of evil this idea of evil continues throughout the play. Banquo believes that the witches are people who are not inhabitants of the world and although they are women it is hard to tell because of their manly beards. The witches prophecise that Macbeth will become the King of Scotland and know that he is the Thane of Cawdor before he does. At first Macbeth dismisses the idea of being king but then rethinks it. On behalf of both himself and Macbeth Banquo says, Or have we eaten on the insane root, That tskes the reason prisoner? . Insane root was though to cause madness and Banquos very first reaction is that they have both gone mad. Macbeth also describes them as having the power to melt from a solid state when they vanish from his sight; he is obviously amazed by this. Afterwards Macbeth receives a message from Ross and Angus telling him he is to become the Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth together with Banquo realise that two out of three prophecies the witches make are true, but Macbeth decides it is a coincidence. However, when Macbeth is aside he rethinks about the prophecies made by the witches and wanders if what they said is for good or bad because he thinks that if they have told him good prophecies then they cannot be evil: this is because it was commonly thought that truth cannot be told by the evil. However, he cannot understand why there is a bad feeling in his heart about it and so he is very confused by this. He tries to decline this idea and decides that he will soon become king, we see this when he says, If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me, Without my stir. This shows that he decides to leave it just to chance. Macbeth builds up an argument in his head to help him decide what to do using imagery, as he has strong opinions of right and wrong. He uses the imagery of light and dark for good and evil. This means that he asks for light not to see his dark and deep desires. He wants murder, what the eye fears to happen but does not want the stars, God, to see what he is planning to do. This shows that Macbeth is willing to commit any evil in order to become king, what he wants so badly. At this point the witches have been a catalyst for the evil in Macbeth because this is partly due to the prophecies as they did not say anything about killing the king but only make Macbeth stir up the thoughts in his head. When the witches talk, they talk as if they have one mind. Often they talk in riddles, shown in the quotation, Lesser than Macbeth, and greater. Not so happy, yet much happier. It gives an indication of their uniqueness because the two parts of each of the sentences contradict one another, which is unusual. When one or all of the witches have a speech of more than three lines they speak with couplets sometimes every alternate line, Fair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air. This quotation is located in the first scene of the play. It has no initial definite meaning as it can be interpreted in a number of ways. This witches chorus can be said to be a prophecy where ideas and especially characters are not what they appear to be and describes how things on the play will change. It also signifies the witches reversal of values and their view of good and evil. The witches give no direct indication of whether their intent is good or bad. But it is clear that their intentions are there to disrupt the balance of good and evil. There is no motive to their behaviour except in the case of revenge concerning the sailor and his wife. The only possible motive is that causing trouble is what they are meant to do because they are witches. The evil which they manage to unearth from Macbeth spreads resulting in murder, betrayal and above all the loss of humanity of two people who were once loyal to king and queen. The witches have many functional roles in the pattern of the play. They manage to convert the soul of a good but potentially flawed man and it demonstrates their power. They do this not with force but with the playing of the mind by offering it something, which is highly beneficial yet attainable, the kingship. The witches may also be moral devices who are a test for the main character of the play to see how loyal he is. Because Macbeth does not realise their intent he is not blinded by the fact that they are wicked so the decision of killing Duncan is entirely his own choice. The witches act only as catalysts to the evil already present in him which had not yet emerged and which might not have if it wasnt for their interference. Maybe Shakespeares purpose for the witches was to represent that no matter how good someone seems to be there will also be a little evil in each one of us. No matter how much influence the witches had on Macbeths notions of becoming king it was enough to cause anarchy in Scotland and the deaths of innocent people. When Banquos ghost returns to haunt Macbeth at the banquet, we are able to see the effect the prophecies have had on him. He has a fit of madness and is outraged because he wonders why Banquos ghost has appeared to haunt him. He tells himself that before, when a person had been killed, they would die and that would be the end of it but now it is no longer the case, The times had been, That when the brains were out, the man would die, And there an end; In Macbeths fit, he nearly manages to reveal the truth about Banquos death but Lady Macbeth strains to hold the situation together and stops him from saying anything even though she doesnt know about Banquo. She questions his manhood, which is a similar argument to the one, which she used to persuade him to kill Duncan, Are you a man? but this time it does not succeed. Macbeth becomes so insecure that he has a spy in Macduffs house because he believes that he is an enemy. Macbeth decides with no pressure from Lady Macbeth to visit the witches. He wants to know what is going to happen in the future, as he is uncertain. He realizes that they are the worst means to discover what the future holds in store for him yet he is determined. He is almost endeavouring to commit evil. His visit to the witches demonstrates his obsession in that he believes he has enemies everywhere and has evidently placed himself under more suspicion at the banquet. He has reached a point where he is willing to do anything to satisfy himself. The deaths of Duncan and Banquo have left him in a highly dangerous, unstable physical and mental state. Nevertheless, Macbeth in his own mind believes he has everything under control. The scene in which Macbeth goes to the witches of his own accord is an important one because it sets the mood for his approach to the rest of the play. It opens with the witches cooking animal body parts in a couldron. This type of behavior is stereotypical of witches and represents how abnormal they are, Eye of newt, and toe of frog, Wool of bat, and tongue of dog, Adders fork, and blind-worms sting, When Macbeth approaches, they indicate his approach, By the pricking of my thumbs, Something wicked this way comes. Unlike on the moor after the battle, Macbeth finds the witches instead of them coming to him. We are able to see how obsessed he his to know his future when he lists destructive events that he wants to happen and that he does not care about them if they do because he just wants to know what will happen to him, Even till destruction sicken- answer me, To what I ask you. The witches agree to answer all his questions and call upon apparitions. The first apparition is an armed head. It says, beware Macduff; Beware the Thane of Fife, and confirms what Macbeth thinks because he already fears him. The second apparition is a bloody child. The image represents the Caesarian birth of Macduff because Caesarian is not considered to be, woman born. He is told that he cannot be hurt by anyone born from a woman so he believes he is secure. With this in mind he decides to make sure Macduff does not irritate him any more by planning to kill him and his family. The third apparition is a crowned child, with a tree in his hand. The child crowned is the child of Duncan, Malcolm explains things that are yet to come but Macbeth does not realise this. The apparition tells Macbeth that he will only die if Great Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill. The tree in the babys hand symbolises this. Macbeth is clearly pleased with the prophecies as they bode well for him. Still wanting to discover more he asks about Banquo and his descendants. The witches refuse to say anymore but he persists and says, I will be satisfied: deny me this, And an eternal curse fall on you! They finally agree to show him even though it may grieve him. A show of eight kings, the last with a glass in his hand with Banquo following appear. The kings resemble Banquo in spirit and appearance. The images of the kings being Banquos descendants are confirmed when he smiles and points to them. Macbeth is amazed by the sudden turn of events and questions the witches about its reliability. They say that the apparitions tell the truth and then they begin to dance in an attempt to cheer him up. They realise the trouble which they have caused by the display of the apparitions. By resisting Macbeths wishes for the telling of the future up to a certain point, Macbeth becomes even more desperate and compulsive. When they dance at the end it can be said that it is not for Macbeths sake but for their own as they are happy with the vast mischief that they have caused. Because of their attempt to tip the balance between good and evil through the medium Macbeth, he seals his fate when he kills Macduffs wife and son. By killing his family, Macduff looks for revenge of Macbeth. This scene demonstrates how low Macbeth has sunk to by ordering the death of an innocent child and mother. The witches role in the previous scene has ultimately forced him into committing this wicked crime. Macbeths behaviour aroused suspicion especially in Macduff causing him to go to Malcolm for help in the form of troops. Malcolm initially is suspicious of Macduff as he could be a spy but learns to trust him when he sees how troubled Macduff is when he pretends that he will be a greater dictator than Macbeth as he has more vices. When Macduff discovers his family and servants had been slain he swears an oath to take full revenge and he is now motivated to killing Macbeth. In Act 1 Scene 5 Lady Macbeth calls on the powers of darkness in order to, unsex her but now she continually has light by her side as she is frightened by her guilty conscience. By killing Duncan, she is now morally sane not morally bad. Earlier, she would sacrifice anything for the kingship but now she realises whilst sleeping that the murder was not worth all the effort. The fact that it is happening in her sleep is an important theme throughout the play. This is because sleep was taken from the sailor and Macbeth had murdered sleep because he had upset the balance of nature. When Lady Macbeth says, Yet who would have thought the old man to have Had so much blood in him. Macbeth said when he killed Duncan that all the blood will not even be washed by the sea yet Lady Macbeth said that only a little water was needed but now she says that all the perfumes of Arabia will not rid the smell from her hands, All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. We see that she is morally sane but is mentally insane. Macbeth does not realise what the witches have done to him. Although there is an English army of ten thousand soldiers approaching he comfor ts himself by thinking of the prophecies. He knows he can never be defeated until the forest moves and he believes that he is secure. He tells himself that he is not frightened but when his servant enters the room he shouts and curses him suggesting insecurity. He perceives the fact that he is decaying in his mind and his heart, where he says, I have livd long enough: my way of life Is falln into the sere, the yellow leaf; At this point he is in despair unlike before where he was defiant. He calls upon Seyton his servant which is a clear hint for Satan. He asks the doctor how is wife is but is actually referring to himself as he is sick himself. When Macbeth hears of his wifes death he cannot react. He feels life has no meaning and that it carries on. He says that it signifies nothing and if he lives it will be a long time until he dies. Macbeth is now feeling sorry for himself. He hears from a messenger that Birnam Wood is moving. He tells the messenger if he is lying he will be hung from a tree but if he is telling the truth then he can do the same to him. Macbeth gives a last attempt at bravery by saying that he will die fighting. Even until the end Macbeth is selfish in his ways, as he does not want to pay for his crimes. Although Macbeth knows he is nearing the end he still demonstrates that he is courageous and a fighting force by killing Young Siwar. He is testing the witches prophecy about not being killed by a man born of woman. Macduff enters entirely motivated by revenge. He will only use his sword against Macbeth. Macbeth does not want to kill Macduff as he has already killed part of his family. When he learns that Macduff was born differently through Caesarian not directly out of the womb he no longer desires to fight but due to his pride he is going to die trying. When Macduff exits with Macbeths head he says that everything is back in order. Malcolm knows that nothing will be the same since Macbeth. The witches although bad in nature help the greater good to succeed. Much of the play deals with the struggle between light and darkness. Macbeth begins as a good character but because of their involvement he begins to symbolize darkness. The light in the first two acts is King Duncan, but when he died the struggle went in favour of darkness. Macbeth seems to have control throughout most of the play until his conscience came back to haunt him. Macduff is the hero of the play but not a character who stands out as a hero. He symbolises the light, which will defeat darkness that is Macbeth.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Colour therapy (chromotherapy) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Colour therapy (chromotherapy) - Essay Example The electromagnetic energy is seen through our eyes. Color therapy is a process that applies color and light that is in the form of tools, verbal suggestions, and tools. All these forms are used to balance energy in different parts of the body that have been seen to lack vibrance whether it is physical, emotional, mental or even spiritual. Each color that is used has got different wavelength and energy (Sue & Simon, 25). The energy of the color affects us on all levels both cognitive and psychomotor. The color is absorbed eyes, the skin or the skull. Since every cell in the body requires light energy, color energy is known to have a widespread effect on the entire body. Color therapy is a non-invasive therapy. One should note color preferences so that it can help in finding possible problems. Working with different colors help in dispelling negative feelings and attitudes, free bocks and also helps to re-balance the body both emotionally and spiritually which translates to physical re-balancing (Vijaya, 24). Color therapy is very safe to use alone or can also be used alongside other types of therapy be it orthodox medicine or any other complementary therapy. Chromotherapy is also safe for both children and adults. The energy that relates to each of the seven colors of red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet goes hand in hand with the energy of each of the seven main energy centers of the body (Sue & Simon, 47). The energy centers are also referred to as chakras. Each chakra needs to work smoothly with for one to be healthy. There should be a balance of the energies in each of the chakras to enhance wellbeing of the body. In color therapy, one is given the color he needs more or else the opposite of the color someone has in plenty. If one prefers certain colors, then it means that one uses the color to express himself. For example, one may choose green if he loves nature. Different types of color therapy can